The same muscles are working for both phases – they shorten on the way up (concentric) and lengthen on the way down (eccentric). With the bicep curl, the concentric (work) phase occurs when the dumbbell is raised towards the shoulders, and the eccentric phase is when the dumbbell is lowered back down.
What is eccentric in bicep curl?
The term eccentric has to do with the lengthening of a muscle. … Whenever you curl the dumbbell you’re performing a concentric movement and the bicep muscle shortens. Conversely, when you lower the dumbbell back down to your side, you’re performing an eccentric movement and the bicep muscle lengthens.
Is a bicep curl eccentric or concentric?
In weight training, a bicep curl is an easy-to-recognize concentric movement. When you lift a dumbbell toward your shoulder, you may notice your bicep muscle swell and bulge as it shortens.
Is a bicep curl a concentric contraction?
Concentric contraction occurs when the total length of the muscle shortens as tension is produced. For example, the upward phase of a biceps curl is a concentric contraction.
What is an example of an eccentric contraction?
Eccentric contraction occurs when the total length of the muscle increases as tension is produced. For example, the lowering phase of a biceps curl constitutes an eccentric contraction. Muscles are capable of generating greater forces under eccentric conditions than under either isometric or concentric contractions.
What is an eccentric muscle contraction?
Introduction. An eccentric (lengthening) muscle contraction occurs when a force applied to the muscle exceeds the momentary force produced by the muscle itself, resulting in the forced lengthening of the muscle-tendon system while contracting (Lindstedt et al., 2001).
Are resistance bands eccentric?
Eccentric motion is lengthening the muscle while contracting it. … The nature of resistance bands allows them to speed up eccentric resistance, which strengthens muscles and allows for greater control.
Is a bicep curl flexion or extension?
Flexion – bending a joint. This occurs when the angle of a joint decreases. For example, the elbow flexes when performing a biceps curl. Extension – straightening a joint.
What’s concentric and eccentric?
In a concentric contraction, the muscle tension rises to meet the resistance then remains stable as the muscle shortens. During eccentric contraction, the muscle lengthens as the resistance becomes greater than the force the muscle is producing.
What is bicep brachii?
The biceps brachii is a prominent muscle on the front side of the upper arm. It originates in two places: the coracoid process, a protrusion of the scapula (shoulder blade); and the upper glenoid cavity, the hollow for the shoulder joint.
What type of movement is a bicep curl?
Bicep curls isolate the body movement of elbow flexion, or rather bending of the arm at the elbow. It targets the specific muscles located at the front of your arms called; biceps brachii, brachialis and brachioradialis.
What does eccentric phase mean?
The eccentric phase is when you lengthen the muscle. And if you hold a contraction (e.g., pause halfway through each rep in the biceps curl), you add an isometric phase to the exercise. … Ditto for exercises that involve an isometric muscle action, which increases the muscle’s time under tension.
Is tricep eccentric?
Eccentric contraction by the triceps brachii during the lowering phase of an overhead triceps extension. The triceps lower the weight in a slow and controlled manner by producing less upward force to resist the force of gravity from the weight.
What muscles are used in eccentric phase?
In order to counteract the force of gravity and protect your joints from injury, your gluteus maximus and hamstring muscles work eccentrically at the hip, your quadriceps work eccentrically at the knee, and your calf muscles, ankle flexors and posterior tibialis work eccentrically at the ankle.
What is the eccentric part of an exercise?
An eccentric movement is the lowering part of a move. It’s when your muscle works as it’s lengthened, like those glutes do when you’re lowering into a squat, or like your biceps do as you’re lowering a dumbbell after a curl. And, in turns out, every muscle fiber in your body is the strongest as it moves eccentrically!
Is stretching eccentric?
When we stretch, we aim to lengthen a muscle. … Eccentric contraction is a muscular contraction in which the muscle lengthens while under load. Many people commonly call them “negatives” where the focus is not on the shortening of the muscle during exercise but rather the lengthening.